Broken Bone

 

Broken-boneAnyone can get a broken bone at any age. Broken bones can often occur as the result of trauma, such as an auto accident, a fall, or a sport event such as football. A broken bone or fracture is a crack or break in a bone. Broken bones are among the most common orthopedic injuries.

 

Types of Broken Bones

Fracture is a broken bone.

A closed fracture happens when the bone does not protrude through the skin.

An open fracture is when the bone is protrudes through the skin.

A greenstick fracture occurs mostly in children. It happens when the bone cracks on one side and does not break through the skin.

A comminuted fracture is when the bone breaks into two or more pieces.

A stress fracture is a hairline crack in the bone that develops from repetitive or prolonged forces against the bone.

A dislocation is a detachment of two bones where they come together at a joint such as the hip, shoulder, fingers, ankles, elbows and jaw.

Common Causes of Broken Bones

  • A fall
  • car accident
  • Contact sports
  • Joints weakened from a previous injury
  • Direct hit
  • Child abuse
  • Osteoporosis

Signs and Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Numbness, tingling
  • May look crooked, misshaped or deformed
  • Inability to move injured part
  • Skin can be pale, blue, purple or even gray
  • Skin can feel cold on the uninjured skin

Treatment for broken bones should be treated at the emergency room, where they can take care of it by immobilizing by a cast, splint, brace, brace or sling.